NETWORK JARGON

7/31/99

Network Jargon: This article addresses some odds and ends of Networking that confuse most normal humans:

.MAC Address: A unique address assigned to Ethernet Network Interface cards. Each network card built gets its own unique MAC address. This is the address ultimately used in all Ethernet networks to get information to the proper destination instead of someplace else.

.DHCP: A dynamic address assignment service used with TCP/IP networking to assign temporary IP addresses. DHCP is generally used where there are a large number of potential users, but a limited number of available addresses, and a limited number of users will be on line at any given time.

.IP: Internet Protocol: A commonly used networking protocol that assigns each computer an address consisting of four 8 bit numbers. Users with many nodes can construct "subnetworks" of nodes using the same initial 8 bit groups and unique addresses in the final digits.

.NetBIOS: A simple networking protocol useful in directly connecting computers. Not all NetBIOS implementations are interoperable, and NetBIOS runs into trouble in large networks. Microsoft Networking uses a NetBIOS variant called NETBEUI which can be sent over TCP/IP networks and thus can support local workgroups within a larger network.

.WINS: Windows Internet Naming Service: A Windows Service that dynamically resolves names to destination addresses. Similar in concept to an Internet DNS server, but for Microsoft Local Area Networks

.DNS: Domain Name Server: A (TCP/IP) server that resolves a registered Internet domain name such as www.confusion.gov to a unique IP address that can be used to access a specific Internet server.

Return To Index Copyright 1994-2002 by Donald Kenney.